Aging is influenced byhabits, lifestyles, environmental exposure, diseases and genetic factors thatdetermine the magnitude of the changes. Aging is an inevitable biological reality and is the consequence of multiple complex processes of accumulated cellular and molecular damage, which cause a progressive decline in their functions. The skin is like a window, where the chronological changes are reflected.
Stains and bruises:
The accumulation of sundamage and aging causes the appearance of spots, spider veins, rough lesions onreddish skin, pigmented lesions that often cause itching and skin cancer, amongother conditions. When the skin becomes thinner it becomes more fragile since the support and protection of the blood vessels are lost. This makes it more prone to small traumas breaking blood vessels which do not necessarily cause wounds but bruises.
How to take care of the skin of the elderly?
Regarding daily cleaning:
• Fundamental that the elderly have short showers.
• Do not scrub the skin much.
• Use soft cotton towels.
• Use of moisturizing creams.
• Apply sunscreen.
We recommend avoiding wet towels (as they can generate allergies) and soaps that irritate the skin. Soaps that have Ph5 should be preferred and in case of sensitive skins, it is better to use soap substitutes.
Care of the feet:
It is recommended to wash them with warm water, dry them well and moisturize with creams. It is important to check often for redness, swelling, cuts, or other injuries, and to wear cotton socks and comfortable shoes.
Facing the sun or extreme cold:
Skin care should also be optimized as the years go by under extreme conditions of cold or heat. Due to the thinning of the skin and the loss of subcutaneous fat, this organ loses some functions, such as the regulation of temperature. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid very cold or very hot places.
Other health tips:
• Maintain a healthy diet, based on fruits, vegetables rich in vitamins and proteins.
• Dry the skin gently, pressing docilely and avoiding rubbing.
• Take walks twice a day and make programmed position changes in people with little mobility, to avoid injuries.
• Stimulate circulation through massage, once a day.
• Take the sun for 15 minutes in morning, every other day to promote the absorption of vitamin D.
• Keep nails short to avoid skin injuries when scratching.
• To consume calcium since its absence produces dehydration of the skin.